The Fish Guru

Greening Your Betta Tank: The Top 20 Best Plants!

Betta Fish Plants

When designing your Betta fish tank, it is essential to consider the greenery you will place inside. Not only do plants add aesthetic value to your aquarium, but they also play a crucial role in maintaining a healthy environment for your Betta fish.

In this article, we will discuss the importance of greenery in Betta fish tanks, the benefits of plants for Bettas, and a list of the 20 best plants to decorate your Betta tank.

Importance of Greenery in Betta Fish Tanks

The addition of plants can provide significant benefits to your Betta fish tank. Firstly, plants act as a natural filtration system by absorbing carbon dioxide and other harmful gasses, while releasing oxygen back into the water.

This promotes healthy gas exchange and ensures the water quality remains at optimal levels. Secondly, plants help to reduce the growth of harmful algae in your Betta tank.

It is essential to note that the growth of algae is a severe problem in fish tanks, and it not only looks unattractive but can also cause a range of health problems for your Betta fish. Algae thrive on excess nutrients in the water, including fish waste and leftover food.

By introducing plants into your Betta fish tank, you can reduce the number of nutrients available for algae growth. In turn, this helps maintain a healthy, clean, and clear water environment.

Additionally, plants provide an excellent environment for beneficial bacteria to thrive. These bacteria help break down waste within the aquarium, reducing the levels of ammonia, nitrates, and nitrites.

These chemicals are harmful to your Betta fish and can cause a range of health problems, including stunted growth, difficulty swimming, and lethargy.

Benefits of Plants for Bettas

Plants are also beneficial to Bettas in several ways. Firstly, they provide a natural environment for them to explore, hide, and rest.

This is an essential aspect of their overall well-being and helps to reduce stress levels within the tank. By creating a stimulating and calming environment, Bettas are known to exhibit more of their natural behaviors, such as building bubble nests and flaring.

Furthermore, plants provide Bettas with a source of food. Many plants that can be added to Betta fish tanks, such as mosses and floating plants, have tiny organisms like infusoria and plankton living on them.

These organisms provide a natural food source for your Bettas. Plants also absorb molecules like ammonia and nitrite, which are harmful to your Betta fish.

In turn, this helps reduce the amount of waste buildup in the tank, which can significantly improve the overall water quality.

List of 20 Best Plants for Betta Fish Tanks


Java Moss


Marimo Moss Ball

3. Anubias Nana


Amazon Sword

5. Java Fern


Water Sprite

7. Hornwort


Cryptocoryne Wendtii

9. Cryptocoryne Parva


Rotala Indica

11. Dwarf Hairgrass


Pogostemon Helferi

13. Red Root Floater


Micro Sword

15. Jungle Vallisneria


Cryptocoryne Undulate

17. Ludwigia


Water Wisteria

19. Salvinia Minima


Dwarf Sagittaria

These plants are perfect for Betta fish tanks, as they have minimal lighting and maintenance requirements, making them easy to care for.

Java Moss

Java Moss (Taxiphyllum barbieri) is one of the most popular mosses for beginner aquarists because of its resiliency, beautiful texture, and easy-to-care-for nature. It can be used in multiple arrangements, be tied to rocks, or planted in substrate and is versatile enough to grow in low light.

Propagation and Care Tips

To propagate

Java Moss, break off a piece from the mother plant and tie it down to another surface using fishing line. The new growth should take root within a couple of weeks.

Java Moss is very low maintenance, requiring only minimal light and occasional trimming to control its growth.


Decorating your Betta fish tank with plants not only looks lovely but provides significant benefits to your Betta fish’s health and well-being. Additionally, adding plants to your fish tank has a natural and calming effect, improving the overall ambiance of your tank.

Whether youre a beginner or advanced aquarist, the list of plants above will help you choose the perfect plant-based on your aquarium’s requirements. Remember to consider the specific lighting, water parameters, and maintenance needs for each plant when creating your aquarium design!

3) Amazon Sword

If you are an aquarium enthusiast, then you must have heard of the Amazon Sword Plant (Echinodorus bleheri). It is an ideal choice for those looking to add some natural beauty to their fish tank while providing privacy and hiding spots for their fish.

This plant is native to South America, specifically the Amazon River Basin, making it a perfect match for the natural habitat of most freshwater fish.

Description and Characteristics

The Amazon Sword Plant gets its name from its large leaves, which resemble the shape of a sword. The leaves are typically 12-20 inches long and around 2 inches wide.

The plant can grow up to 20 inches tall, making it an excellent choice for aquascaping larger tanks. The Amazon Sword Plant grows well in a variety of substrates, including sand or gravel.

Upkeep and Care Tips

Lighting is an essential factor to consider when caring for the Amazon Sword Plant. Brighter lighting is essential to promote healthy growth and prevent the leaves from turning yellow.

However, this plant can adapt to low light conditions and will still thrive in those environments. Some aquarium enthusiasts prefer to use specialized lighting systems to maintain optimal growth conditions and best showcase the plant’s bright green leaves.

Additionally, the Amazon Sword Plant should be planted in a nutrient-rich substrate for optimal growth. Consider using gravel, dirt, or sand mixed with a nutrient-rich substrate mix for the best results.

The Amazon Sword Plant also requires a moderate to high amount of water movement to ensure nutrients reach the plant’s roots and promote healthy growth. Overall, the Amazon Sword Plant is low maintenance and makes an excellent addition to any aquarium.

The key to success is providing adequate light, nutrient-rich substrate, and proper water flow.

4) Marimo Moss Balls

If you are looking to add a unique touch to your aquarium, Marimo Moss Balls (Aegagropila linnaei) are an excellent choice. These spherical algae colonies originate from the freshwaters of Japan and are popular in aquariums worldwide for their appealing look and convenience.

Description and Characteristics

Marimo Moss Balls are unique balls of green algae with a velvety texture that can grow up to 10cm in diameter. They are soft and durable, making them an ideal option for low-maintenance aquariums.

They require a low to moderate light source, which can come from ambient lighting in the room or a simple fluorescent bulb on top of the tank. Additionally, they prefer water temperatures between 5-30C, making them a great addition to both cold water and tropical tanks.

Benefits and Care Tips

One major benefit of Marimo Moss Balls is their ability to absorb nitrates, ammonia, and harmful phosphates from aquariums. This unique characteristic makes them highly effective at improving water quality and reducing the risk of fish illness.

These algae balls can also add oxygen to the water, providing a healthy environment for your fish. To care for Marimo Moss Balls, it is essential to maintain a weekly water change schedule and rinse the balls in cool running water every few weeks.

Gently squeezing the balls can also help to remove any debris or dead plant material that has accumulated. Use extreme caution when handling since pressing them too firmly can cause damage to their delicate structure.

In most cases, these balls can last up to a decade with proper care.

Final Thoughts

In summary, both the Amazon Sword Plant and Marimo Moss Balls are excellent choices to consider when designing your aquarium. Not only do they provide aesthetic value, but they also provide numerous benefits to the health and well-being of your fish.

When selecting plants for your fish tank, always consider the individual requirements of your aquarium and the needs of the intended plant. With proper care and upkeep, these plant additions can provide years of pleasure and enjoyment to the aquarium enthusiast.

5) Wisteria

Wisteria, also known as Hygrophila difformis, is a popular plant in the aquarium hobby due to its low-maintenance nature and ease of cultivation. Whether you are a seasoned aquarist or starting with your first fish tank, Wisteria is an excellent choice to add some vibrant greenery to your underwater oasis.

Description and Characteristics

Wisteria is a fast-growing stem plant, and its leaves possess a delicate and lace-like appearance. The leaves are long, narrow, and fragile, with serrated edges, giving the plant an elegant look that stands out in any aquarium.

The plant has its origins in the southeast Asian countries, which have a tropical and humid climate. It comes in several varieties, including compact, tall, and green, to cater to your specific aquarium needs.

Placement and Care Tips

When cultivating Wisteria, it is essential to keep the plant in a bright environment with regular water flow. For the best results, place the plant in the substrate, and frequently trim and prune it to maintain the desired shape and size.

Wisteria is a fast-growing plant, so frequent trimming will help you keep it in check, maintain healthy growth, and prevent it from overpowering the aquarium. Wisteria is a versatile plant that can be grown in aquariums of any size.

If cultivated properly, this aquatic plant can provide your fish with a vibrant and healthy environment. Whether you are looking to create a beautiful backdrop or add a unique touch to your aquascape, Wisteria is an excellent plant choice.

6) Pennywort

Pennywort, also known as Hydrocotyle leucocephala, is a popular plant in the aquarium hobby due to its eye-catching appearance and beneficial qualities. This creeping plant is an excellent choice for beginner aquarists who want to experience all the benefits that plants have to offer.

Description and Characteristics

Pennywort is a surface-dwelling plant that is often used as a foreground plant in aquariums. It is a low-maintenance plant and has a beautiful, circular leaf shape that provides an added depth to your aquarium.

It is a perfect option for aquarists who aim to achieve a fuller, more comprehensive look in their aquariums. Pennywort has origins in South and Central America, where it grows along streams and lakeshores.

Upkeep and Care Tips

Pennywort is a low-maintenance plant that requires minimal light and upkeep, making it an excellent option for beginners. When cultivating Pennywort in your aquarium, it is crucial to consider water parameters such as temperature, Light, pH, and hardness.

Pennywort thrives in a wide range of aquarium water conditions, accommodating most aquarists’ preferences. To propagate the plant, trim the stems and reroot them in the substrate.

Once the plant has grown to your desired size, periodic trimming can help to manage its size and shape. Pennywort is also an excellent plant choice if you keep fish, as it provides much-needed hiding spots for aquarium fish.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, adding plants to your aquarium can provide numerous benefits for both the aesthetics and health of your fish. The addition of Wisteria and Pennywort plant to your tank can create an aesthetically pleasing underwater environment and provide benefits like water filtration and improved oxygenation.

When selecting plants, ensure they are a good match for your specific aquarium conditions to guarantee that they thrive. With proper upkeep and care, both Wisteria and Pennywort are easy to care for and can be ideal choices to generate a rich aquatic life in your aquarium.

7) Water Sprite

The Water Sprite (Ceratopteris thalictroides) is a popular choice amongst aquarium enthusiasts because of its unique characteristics like its thick, bushy plant and the opportunities for exploration and interaction that it provides for fish. This fast-growing plant is relatively easy to care for, making it perfect for novice aquarists to add to their aquarium.

Description and Characteristics

The Water Sprite is a thick and bushy plant that can grow up to 40cm in height, producing a vibrant green color. The Water Sprite originates from tropical regions across the world, making it well-suited to the environment of a planted aquarium.

When cultivated in the aquarium, the plant produces an appropriate hiding spot for fish, providing an added level of comfort for exploration and interaction.

Placement and Care Tips

Due to its versatility, the Water Sprite can be rooted or left to float on the surface of your aquarium. When planted in the substrate, it needs to be pruned and fertilized regularly to ensure healthy growth.

As an alternative, the plant can also be left to float along the surface, but frequent pruning is still essential in such circumstances. It can grow in a variety of lighting conditions, but high to moderate lighting is ideal for promoting healthy growth, and it is important to ensure that it has sufficient access to all the necessary nutrients.

In terms of aquarium parameters, the Water Sprite requires water temperatures between 22-28C and prefers a pH range of 6.0-8.0.

8) Anubias Nana

Another popular type of aquarium plant is the Anubias Nana, also known as Anubias Barteri var. Nana.

This plant is known for its vibrant green color and slow-growing nature, making it an excellent addition to any aquarium looking to add some lush greenery.

Description and Characteristics

Anubias Nana has its origins in tropical and subtropical Africa, where it grows along riverbanks and streams. It has thick, hardy leaves that range from light to dark green, giving the plant an overall striking appearance.

This plant can grow up to 12cm in height and 10cm in width and is typically used in aquascaping as a foreground or mid-ground crop.

Upkeep and Care Tips

Anubias Nana is a low-maintenance plant that requires minimal upkeep. It prefers a meager light source and should not be placed in direct sunlight or exposed to too much artificial light.

It has a slow growth rate, which minimizes the amount of trimming and pruning required. When cultivating Anubias Nana, avoid covering the rhizomes, as they are crucial for the plant’s survival and growth.

Anubias Nana is best grown on driftwood or attached to rocks using fishing line or another suitable material. The plant is also available for rooting in the substrate, but it should be planted in such a way that the rhizome is left exposed.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, whether you choose to include Water Sprite or Anubias Nana in your aquarium, both of these plants offer a range of benefits, including providing aesthetic value, improving water quality, promoting healthy oxygenation, and offering hiding spots for your fish. They are both relatively easy to maintain and can thrive in various aquarium conditions.

By taking the time to research and select the proper plants, you can create an underwater environment that is both visually stunning and healthy for your aquatic pets.

9) Banana Plant

The Banana Plant, also

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